The use of these calculators, maps or any information shall be at the user’s sole risk. IATA. You only have access to basic statistics. This paper calibrates fuel burn in kilos per seat per nautical mile for aircraft using the EMEP/EEA aircraft inventory database. In 2018, the US airlines had a fuel consumption of 58 mpg‑US (4.06 L/100 km) per revenue passenger for domestic flights,[20] In 2018, CO₂ emissions totalled 747 million tonnes for passenger transport, for 8.5 trillion revenue passenger kilometres (RPK), giving an average of 88 gram CO₂ per RPK. Part 3", "Transatlantic airline fuel efficiency ranking, 2017", "Wizz chief derides airline rivals' zero-carbon pledges", "Emission-free airports – DLR develops a fuel cellpowered electric nose wheel for commercial aircraft", "Airbus Seeks Up To 10% Fuel Burn Savings By Aircraft Flying Together", "Why e in ePlane shall stand for environment, Part 2. ", IATA, Total fuel consumption of commercial airlines worldwide between 2005 and 2021 (in billion gallons) Statista, https://www.statista.com/statistics/655057/fuel-consumption-of-airlines-worldwide/ (last visited January 12, 2021), Total fuel consumption of commercial airlines worldwide between 2005 and 2021, Air traffic - worldwide revenue with passengers 2005-2021, Passenger yield of airlines worldwide 2005-2021, Commercial airlines worldwide - fuel consumption 2005-2021, Share of fuel costs in the aviation industry 2011-2020, Worldwide air passenger traffic share by region 2019, Countries with the highest number of airline passengers globally 2018, Global air carrier market - share of ASMs by region 2018, Available seat kilometers of airlines worldwide - growth by region 2011-2021, Monthly international revenue-passenger kilometers (RPK) change by region 2020, Commercial airlines worldwide - passenger load factor 2005-2021, Monthly passenger load factor (PLF) on international flights by region 2020, Largest airlines worldwide - ranked by sales 2020, Leading airlines worldwide - based on total number of passengers 2019, The leading airlines ranked by brand value 2020, Operating margin of the major airline groups worldwide 2018, Passenger kilometers flown by airline worldwide 2019, Leading airlines with the biggest fleet size 2019, Global air traffic - number of flights 2004-2021, Most punctual low cost carriers worldwide 2019, Punctuality rate of airlines in North America 2019, Air traffic - passenger volume forecast by region 2037, Air traffic - passenger growth rates forecast 2020-2039, Number of air passengers' growth forecast worldwide by region 2018-2050, Air passengers forecast worldwide by generation 2018-2050, Forecast of worldwide airline fuel expenses 2005-2021, Canadian airlines - fuel consumption 1990-2019, U.S. airlines - fuel consumption 2004-2019, Hawaiian Holdings Inc.'s fuel consumption 2013-2019, Fuel efficiency of prominent transatlantic airlines by airline 2017, Worldwide airlines - non-fuel expenses 2005-2021, Weekly seat capacity: North American domestic airlines by carrier 2016, Major U.S. air carriers - percentage of cancellations 2000-2019, U.S. air carriers - total scheduled aircraft departures 1991-2019, Most important aspects when buying an airline ticket for personal travel U.S. 2019, Americans who travel by air by airline recognition 2017, Air carrier market share in South Asia - international traffic 2016, Latin American international air traffic market by business model 2016, Air carrier market share in Canada - international traffic 2015, Major U.S. air carriers - late arrivals 1990-2019, Consumption of recovered and other mixed fuels in Finland 2007-2017, Aviation spirit stock in the United Kingdom (UK) 2011-2018, Average aviation jet fuel price for operators by region 2015, Production volume of aviation fuel in Indonesia 2007-2018, Fuel and oil expenses of Virgin Australia Group FY 2017-2019, Low Cost Carrier (LCCs) Market in the United States, Total fuel consumption of commercial airlines worldwide between 2005 and 2021 (in billion gallons), Find your information in our database containing over 20,000 reports, Tools and Tutorials explained in our Media Centre, commercial airlines generated some 838 billion U.S. dollars, Passenger demand has been higher every year since 2009, air freight traffic has seen increasing growth, This increase in air freight traffic is likely connected to the rapid growth of e-commerce. For flights of 500–684 nmi (926–1,267 km), For flights of 1,750–3,400 nmi (3,240–6,300 km). [105] While aircraft have become more fuel efficient on average, as the amount of flying continues to rise, fuel consumption has been rising every year again since 2013. [36] According to an industry analyst, "It [was] pretty much a fuel tanker in the air. Available to download in PNG, PDF, XLS format, Access to this and all other statistics on 80,000 topics from. These approaches have included the application of neural network methods to data from aircraft flight manual charts to estimate fuel burn [5], as well as the application of energy Range - time - fuel consumption 600 km - 58 min - 6930 kg / h 800 km - 74 min - 6480 kg / h 1000 km - 90 min - 6200 kg / h 1500 km - 126 min - 5800 kg / h 2000 km - 162 min - 5550 kg / h Consumption of 777-300ER and 777-200LR fuel may be the same with different length of the route. [39] [citation needed], The deadweight of the airframe and fuel is non-payload that must be lifted to altitude and kept aloft, contributing to fuel consumption. There also exists power–specific fuel consumption, which equals the thrust-specific fuel consumption divided by speed. Productivity including speed went from around 150 ASK/MJ*km/h for the 1930s DC-3 to 550 for the L-1049 in the 1950s, and from 200 for the DH-106 Comet 3 to 900 for the 1990s B737-800. the calculation of fuel consumption of aircraft. Hong Kong – San Francisco International is 6,000 nmi).[89]. Since the Skylane has a fuel capacity of 88 US GAL (including 10% in reserve -- Don't forget to subtract the 10% before figuring your consumption. 777-300ER - 7020 kg / h - 5473 nm 777-200LR - 7080 kg / h - 7190 nm New, Everything you need to know about the industry development, Find studies from all around the internet. [35], By taking advantage of wake updraft like migrating birds (biomimicry), Airbus believes an aircraft can save 5-10% of fuel by flying in formation, 1.5–2 nmi (2.8–3.7 km) behind the preceding one. A key metric of airport efficiency is Runway Occupancy Time (ROT) which is the length of time required for an arriving aircraft to proceed from over the runway threshold to a point clear of the runway. Split this and place fuel in both left and right main wing tanks. [36] [28], In 2018, CO₂ emissions totalled 918 Mt with passenger transport accounting for 81% or 744 Mt, for 8.2 trillion revenue passenger kilometres:[29] an average fuel economy of 90.7 g/RPK CO₂ - 29 g/km of fuel (3.61 L/100 km [65.2 mpg‑US] per passenger), In 2019, Wizz Air stated a 57 g/RPK CO₂ emissions (equivalent to 18.1 g/km of fuel, 2.27 L/100 km [104 mpg‑US] per passenger), 40% lower than IAG or Lufthansa (95 g CO₂/RPK - 30 g/km of fuel, 3.8 L/100 km [62 mpg‑US] per passenger), due to their business classes, lower-density seating, and flight connections. This included the services provided by Singapore Airlines from Singapore to both Newark and Los Angeles that was ended in late 2013. Although low-cost carriers' higher seat-density increases fuel economy and lowers greenhouse gas emissions per-passenger-kilometer, the lower airfares cause a rebound effect of more flights and larger overall emissions. Beautiful on the inside Inner beauty? A plane like a Boeing 747 uses approximately 1 gallon of fuel (about 4 liters) every second. Endurance and range can be maximized with the optimum airspeed, and economy is better at higher altitudes. This includes transpacific flights (e.g. By 2030 hybrid-electric architectures may be ready for 100 seaters and distributed propulsion with tighter integration of airframe may enable further efficiency and emissions improvements. [49] If an aircraft consumes 5 gallons of fuel per hour, the total fuel consumption … This brochure looks at all the significant operating variables that affect fuel economy for the current Airbus range of aircraft. The fuel consumption per mile or per kilometre is a more appropriate comparison for aircraft that travel at very different speeds. Airbus installed wingtip fences on its planes since the A310-300 in 1985, and Sharklet blended-winglets for the A320 were launched during the November 2009 Dubai air show. Using the number of aircraft multiplied by the number of gallons per hour and air hours allows planners to compute the estimated fuel needed. [13][need quotation to verify], Turboprops have an optimum speed below 460 miles per hour (740 km/h). I have started to think about flying there because the drive to their home is 16 hours of extreme boredom. [3], Wingtip devices increase the effective wing-aspect ratio, lowering lift-induced drag caused by wingtip vortices and improving the lift-to-drag ratio without increasing the wingspan. As lift and drag are functions of air speed, their relationships are major determinants of an aircraft's design efficiency. However, above the drag divergence Mach number, the aerodynamic drag on the airframe overwhelms this effect because supersonic shockwaves begin to form, greatly increasing drag and needing supercritical airfoil designs for transonic flight. In Europe in 2017, the average airline fuel consumption per passenger was 3.4 L/100 km (69 mpg‑US), 24% less than in 2005, but as the traffic grew by 60% to 1,643 billion passenger kilometres, CO₂ emissions were up by 16% to 163 million tonnes for 99.8 g/km CO₂ per passenger. Methodology for Platts Jet Fuel price index. Efficiency is increased with better aerodynamics and by reducing weight, and with improved engine BSFC and propulsive efficiency or TSFC. *ATP 4-43 (ATP 4-43) Distribution Restriction: Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. November 23, 2020. [30], Continuous Descent Approaches can reduce emissions. [23], From 2010 to 2012, the most fuel-efficient US domestic airline was Alaska Airlines, due partly to its regional affiliate Horizon Air flying turboprops. It is more fuel-efficient to make a non-stop flight at less than this distance and to make a stop when covering a greater total distance.[7]. ", "Aurora Flight Sciences to evaluate NASA electric airliner design", "Review of Propulsion Technologies for N+3 Subsonic Vehicle Concepts", "Fuel burn rates of commercial passenger aircraft: Variations by seat configuration and stage distance Article", "Transatlantic airline fuel efficiency ranking, 2014", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Fuel_economy_in_aircraft&oldid=993966397, All Wikipedia articles written in American English, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles needing additional references from November 2020, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2020, Wikipedia articles needing factual verification from May 2020, Wikipedia articles needing factual verification from January 2019, Wikipedia articles needing factual verification from November 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2016, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 20-25% from high pressure core + ultra-high by-pass ratio, 4 to 10% from materials and Structure (composite structure, adjustable landing gear, fly-by-wire) also currently available, 5 to 15% from advanced aerodynamics (hybrid/, 35% from a double bubble fuselage like the, Up to 100% with fully electric aircraft (short range, ~2035-45), This page was last edited on 13 December 2020, at 13:08. Efficiency gains were larger early in the jet age than later, with a 55-67% gain from 1960 to 1980 and a 20-26% gain from 1980 to 2000. [34] Maintenance can also save fuel: 100 kg (220 lb) more fuel is consumed without an engine wash schedule; 50 kg (110 lb) with a 5 mm (0.20 in) slat rigging gap, 40 kg (88 lb) with a 10 mm (0.39 in) spoiler rigging gap, and 15 kg (33 lb) with a damaged door seal. At constant propulsive efficiency, the maximum range speed is when the ratio between velocity and drag is minimal,[22] while maximum endurance is attained at the best lift-to-drag ratio. With only the reference of the aircraft manu-facturer’s information, given within the airport planning documents, a method is established that allows computing values for the fuel consumption of every aircraft in question. Jet fuel price developments - impact of Euro/US$ exchange rate movements. * This figure was taken from a previous edition which was released prior to the coronavirus outbreak and can be accessed here. Number of cars sold in the U.S. 1951-2019, Gas prices in the United States 1990-2019, Automotive industry worldwide - statistics & facts, Motorcycle Industry in the United States - statistics & facts, Research expert covering aviation, aircraft , rail and train manufacturing and the logistics industry, Profit from additional features with an Employee Account. Average fuel burn of new aircraft fell 45% from 1968 to 2014, a compounded annual reduction 1.3% with variable reduction rate. (Wingspan is limited by the available width in the ICAO Aerodrome Reference Code.) [25] It would appear that we can make the temperature ratio and resulting thrust as large as we want by just increasing the fuel flow rate and the fuel/air ratio. Endurance and range can be maximized with the optimum airspeed, and economy is better at higher altitudes. ", 2008 Guidelines to Defra's GHG Conversion Factors: Methodology Paper for Transport Emission Factors, "Fuel Efficient Plane Prototype Hits Skies", "Boeing to Begin Ground Testing of X-48B Blended Wing Body Concept", "AEDC testing brings unique blended wing aircraft closer to flight", "A sharkskin coating for ships, planes and blades", "Technology Roadmap for Environmental Improvement - Fact Sheet", "When Will These Civil Aircraft Concepts Fly? Since they live in Montana, I will soon be doing some long-distance traveling. NASA indicates this configuration could gain up to 45% with advanced aerodynamics, structures and geared turbofans, but longer term suggests savings of up to 50% by 2025 and 60% by 2030 with new ultra-efficient configurations and propulsion architectures: hybrid wing body, truss-braced wing, lifting body designs, embedded engines, and boundary-layer ingestion. If you just want something simple, just look up the average fuel consumption for the aircraft type (in gallons per hour), and multiply that by the duration of the flight. Efficiency is increased with better aerodynamics and by reducing weight, and with improved engine BSFC and propulsive efficiency or TSFC. Calculate aviation fuel require-ments the same as ground equipment. As I looked at the cost of airline tickets versus driving, I became curious as to how much fuel would be used to fly me to a Montana airport like Bozeman or Butte. Fuel efficiency gains reduce the fuel carried, reducing the take-off weight for a positive feedback. For a given payload, a lighter airframe generates a lower drag. The aircraft's maximum range is determined by the level of efficiency with which thrust can be applied to overcome the aerodynamic drag. TBM 850 Fuel Consumption and Block Time Analysis for a Typical Short-Haul Flight Executive Summary This paper evaluates the impact of cruise power setting on total fuel consumption and block time based on a simulated short-haul flight between Ottawa and Toronto of a Socata TBM 850, a light single-engine turboprop aircraft. Please authenticate by going to "My account" → "Administration". Total fuel consumption of commercial airlines worldwide between 2005 and 2021 (in billion gallons) [Graph]. The U.S. government has encouraged such research through grant programs, including the FAA's Continuous Lower Energy, Emissions and Noise (CLEEN) program, and NASA's Environmentally Responsible Aviation (ERA) Project. In a piston engine, this trend towards a decline in maximum power can be mitigated by the installation of a turbocharger. Chart. Are you interested in testing our corporate solutions? Average fuel burn of new aircraft fell 45% from 1968 to 2014, a compounded annual reduction 1.3% with a variable reduction rate. thrust specific fuel consumption (SFC) A measure of engine efficiency as denoted by the rate of fuel consump- tion per unit thrust (e.g., kilograms/second/Newton). [105], Research projects such as Boeing's ecoDemonstrator program have sought to identify ways of improving the fuel economy of commercial aircraft operations. As explained in another section of the Beginner's Guide, the specific fuel consumption and the aircraft fuel load determine the maximum flight time and the maximum range of an aircraft. HOURLY FLIGHT RATES, FUEL CONSUMPTION, AND WEIGHT REDUCTION CHART EFFECTIVE JULY 16, 2020 FOR CONTRACTS AWARDED 2018-2021 (CWN/Exclusive Use) (For Contracts Awarded 1/1/2018 and After) COMPANY. You need at least a Single Account to use this feature. helicopter services hourly flight rates, fuel consumption, and weight reduction chart effective february 16, 2019 for contracts awarded 2013-2017 (cwn/exclusive use) The ideal entry-level account for individual users. You can only download this statistic as a Premium user. [40] Certification for shorter separation is enabled by ADS-B in oceanic airspace, and the only modification required would be flight control systems software. An aircraft weight can be reduced with light-weight materials such as titanium, carbon fiber and other composite plastics if the expense can be recouped over the aircraft's lifetime. The aviation fuel density used is 6.7 lb/USgal or 0.8 kg/l. NASA and Boeing flight-tested a 500 lb (230 kg) blended wing body (BWB) X-48B demonstrator from August 2012 to April 2013. For instance, Airbus has patented aircraft designs with twin rear-mounted counter-rotating propfans. [27], Fuel economy in air transport comes from the fuel efficiency of the aircraft + engine model, combined with airline efficiency: seating configuration, passenger load factor and air cargo. As a Premium user you get access to the detailed source references and background information about this statistic. New York JFK – London-Heathrow is 3,000 nmi). In our recent transpacific airline ranking, we assessed and compared the fuel efficiency of the top 20 airlines operating flights between the U.S., East Asia, and Oceana. [43] There is no single manual describing class IIIP requirements by vehicle type. "Total Fuel Consumption of Commercial Airlines Worldwide between 2005 and 2021 (in Billion Gallons). With a specifically designed aircraft, such as the (in development) Aerion AS2, the Mach 1.1 range at 3,700 nmi is 70% of the maximum range of 5,300 nmi at Mach 0.95, but increases to 4,750 nmi at Mach 1.4 for 90% before falling again. The Fuel economy in aircraft is the measure of the transport energy efficiency of aircraft. Fraunhofer Institute for Manufacturing Engineering and Applied Materials Research (IFAM) have researched a sharkskin-imitating paint that would reduce drag through a riblet effect. For powered aircraft, the optimum glide ratio has to be balanced with thrust efficiency. "[9] Singapore Airlines Flights 21 and 22 were re-launched in 2018 with more seats in an A350-900ULR. [citation needed], Since early 2006 until 2008, Scandinavian airlines (SAS) was flying slower, from 860 to 780 km/h, to save on fuel costs and curb emissions of carbon dioxide. Register in seconds and access exclusive features. 1. In 2013, the World Bank evaluated the business class carbon footprint as 3.04 times higher than economy class in wide-body aircraft, and first class 9.28 times higher, due to premium seating taking more space, lower weight factors, and larger baggage allowances (assuming Load Factors of 80% for Economy Class, 60% for Business Class, and 40% for First Class).[21]. [2] A 88 gCO₂/km represents 28 g of fuel per km, or a 3.5 L/100 km (67 mpg‑US) fuel consumption. With increasing altitude, air pressure and temperature both decrease, causing the maximum power or thrust of aircraft engines to reduce. The different modes use similar fuels and greenhouse gas emissions are directly related to fuel use. [103] Aviation is a major potential application for new technologies such as aluminium metal foam and nanotechnology. For the chart below we've used a fuel density of 6.7 lb per US gallon (= 0.803 … The global fuel consumption by commercial airlines increased each year since 2009 and reached an all-time high of 96 billion gallons in 2019. From this site by Boeing for the B737-800: fuel used for TO and climb = 2,300 kg. For a comparison with ground transportation - much slower and with shorter range than air travel - a Volvo bus 9700 averages 0.41 L/100 km (570 mpg‑US) per seat for 63 seats. Then you can access your favorite statistics via the star in the header. actual consumption. Although airlines have more sophisticated tools to plan refuelling, this is how GA pilots estimate how much fuel there should be in the tank. Corporate solution including all features. As parasitic drag increases and induced drag decreases with speed, there is an optimum speed where the sum of both is minimal; this is the best glide ratio. Please contact us to get started with full access to dossiers, forecasts, studies and international data. This feature is limited to our corporate solutions. One interesting finding was that airlines that predominantly use the four-engine Boeing 747 and Airbus A380 aircraft - Asiana, Korean Air, and Qantas - had the lowest overall fuel efficiency on transpacific operations. [14] This is less than jets used by major airlines today, however propeller planes are much more efficient. [47][verification needed] Figures prior to 2015 were taken from previous reports. [101][102] NASA has created a cruise efficient STOL (CESTOL) concept. [109], CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Continuous Lower Energy, Emissions and Noise, "The contribution of global aviation to anthropogenic climate forcing for 2000 to 2018", "CO2 emissions from commercial aviation, 2018", International Council on Clean Transportation, "Dubai 09: A320s sharklets to deliver 3.5% lower fuel burn from 2012", Why the Longest Nonstop Flights Are Ending, "SIA to drop nonstop USA flights as Airbus buys back A340s", "Last Call for the Long Haul From Singapore to Newark", "A new era of 'ultra-long-haul' aviation", "Effect of Fuel Properties on the Specific Thrust of a Ramjet Engine", "Back to the Future: Return of the Turboprop? For example, a flight of 400 NM at 100 knots GS takes 4 hours to complete. For example, a Boeing 777-300 reaches that point at 3,000 nautical miles (5,600 km). Above a certain distance it becomes more fuel-efficient to make a halfway stop to refuel, despite the energy losses in descent and climb. By increasing efficiency, a lower cruise-speed augments the range and reduces the environmental impact of aviation; however, a higher cruise-speed allows more revenue passenger miles flown per day. Aircraft efficiency is augmented by maximizing lift-to-drag ratio, which is attained by minimizing parasitic drag and lift-generated induced drag, the two components of aerodynamic drag. The process model of aircraft fuel consumption in descent based on improved K-means is shown in Fig. Research on the Interval Estimation of Aircraft Fuel Consumption based on the Data Distribution Characteristics. The tourism industry could shift emphasis to emissions eco-efficiency in CO2 per unit of revenue or profit instead of fuel economy, favoring shorter trips and ground transportation over flying long journeys to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Large, ultra high bypass engines will need upswept gull wings or overwing nacelles as Pratt & Whitney continue to develop its geared turbofan to save a projected 10–15% of fuel costs by the mid-2020s. Global air traffic - annual growth of passenger demand 2006-2021, Operating profit of airlines worldwide 2006-2021, Net profit of airlines worldwide 2006-2021, Available seat kilometers (ASK) in international air traffic by region 2019. Airplane equipped with four (4) Wright R-1820-65 engines with torque meters; exhaust driven turbo superchargers; 3-bladed constant speed propellers, blade design No. Jet fuel price developments - longer term perspective. Chart 8 2005 Average Fuel Consumption Rates by Aircraft Type 4.5 15.9 17.2 61.2 21.5 313.5 87.3 16.0 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 Light-sport Experimental The larger end of this range includes transatlantic flights (e.g. According to Boeing's Web site, the 747 burns approximately 5 gallons of fuel per mile (12 liters per kilometer).. Despite the high fuel consumption, because fuel was inexpensive in that era the higher speed resulted in favorable economical returns since crew costs and amortization of capital investment in the aircraft could be spread over more seat-miles flown per day. "Total fuel consumption of commercial airlines worldwide between 2005 and 2021 (in billion gallons)." An Airline efficiency depends on its fleet fuel burn, seating density, air cargo and passenger load factor, while operational procedures like maintenance and routing can save fuel. Very long non-stop passenger flights suffer from the weight penalty of the extra fuel required, which means limiting the number of available seats to compensate. For private aircraft in general aviation, the current FAI Aircraft Efficiency record is 37.22 km/kg fuel or 3.56 L/100 km in a Monnett Sonerai single-seat racer for 500-1,000 kg MTOW airplanes, and 9.19 km/kg or 13.6 L/100 km in a four-seat diesel-powered Cessna 182 for 1,000-1,750 kg MTOW airplanes (3.4 L/100 km per seat).[98]. These features translate into greater range, fuel economy, reliability and life-cycle savings, as well as lower manufacturing costs. The amount of fuel needed for a given flight can be calculated by multiplying the estimated flight time by the rate of consumption. Grumman produced the AA5B Tiger from 1975 through 1979, American General produced 181 AG5B Tigers from 1991 through 1993, and from 2001 to 2005 Tiger Aircraft produced 51 AG5B Tigers. From this site: fuel burn in cruise for B737-800 is 2,500 kg/hr; From this site: fuel burn at idle of a CFM56 engine = 300 kg/hr, so for the half hour descent two engines burn through 300 kg. In 2014, MSCI ranked Ryanair as the lowest-emissions-intensity airline in its ACWI index with 75 g CO2-e/revenue passenger kilometre – below Easyjet at 82 g, the average at 123 g and Lufthansa at 132 g – by using high-density 189-seat Boeing 737-800s. Statista. In 2012, turboprop airliner usage was correlated with US regional carriers fuel efficiency. The air- Purpose 1. [105] [48], Lufthansa, when it ordered both, stated the Airbus A350-900 and the Boeing 777X-9 will consume an average of 2.9 l/100 km (81 mpg‑US) per passenger. To obtain a longer range, a larger fuel fraction of the maximum takeoff weight is needed, adversely affecting efficiency. [100] The BWB concept offers advantages in structural, aerodynamic and operating efficiencies over today's more-conventional fuselage-and-wing designs. Quick Analysis with our professional Research Service: Content Marketing & Information Design for your projects: Industry-specific and extensively researched technical data (partially from exclusive partnerships). A reduction in airframe weight enables the use of smaller, lighter engines. A subfield of fluid dynamics, aerodynamics studies the physics of a body moving through the air. This sounds like a tremendously poor miles-per-gallon rating! That same year, Cathay Pacific and Cathay Dragon consumed 4,571,000 tonnes of fuel to transport 123,478 million revenue passenger kilometers, or 37 g/RPK, 25% better than in 1998: 4.63 L/100 km (50.8 mpg‑US). SUMMARY . Such use shall constitute a release and agreement to hold harmless, defend and indemnify Freight Metrics from and against any liability (including but not limited to liability for special, indirect or consequential damages) in connection with such use. and over 1 Mio. A. A rule-of-thumb is that a reduction in fuel consumption of about 0.75% results from each 1% reduction in weight. The International Air Transport Association (IATA) technology roadmap envisions improvements in aircraft configuration and aerodynamics. After A380s tests showing 12% savings, test flights were scheduled for 2020 with two A350s, before transatlantic flight trials with airlines in 2021. [16][17][verification needed], Jet fuel cost and emissions reduction have renewed interest in the propfan concept for jetliners with an emphasis on engine/airframe efficiency that might come into service beyond the Boeing 787 and Airbus A350XWB. Airbus states a fuel rate consumption of their A380 at less than 3 L/100 km per passenger (78 passenger-miles per US gallon). Fly shorter routes", "Efficiency Trends for New Commercial Jet Aircraft, 1960 to 2008", "Approaches to Representing Aircraft Fuel Efficiency. [32][33], Airbus presented the following measures to save fuel, in its example of an A330 flying 2,500 nautical miles (4,600 km) on a route like Bangkok–Tokyo: direct routing saves 190 kg (420 lb) fuel by flying 40 km (25 mi) less; 600 kg (1,300 lb) more fuel is consumed if flying 600 m (2,000 ft) below optimum altitude without vertical flight profile optimization; cruising 0.01 mach above optimum consumes 800 kg (1,800 lb) more fuel; 1,000 kg (2,200 lb) more fuel on board consumes 150 kg (330 lb) more fuel while 100 litres (22 imp gal; 26 US gal) of unused potable water consumes 15 kg (33 lb) more fuel. Over the course of a 10-hour flight, it might burn 36,000 gallons (150,000 liters). You need a Single Account for unlimited access. For example, the Airbus A350 design includes a majority of light-weight composite materials. Beyond single-engine taxi, electric taxiing could allow taxiing on APU power alone, with the main engines shut down, to lower the fuel burn. Plane per unit of energy in the header than jets used by major today. Technology than jet engines or Turboprops equals the thrust-specific fuel consumption is a major potential application for new technologies as... Jet engines or Turboprops can have units of pounds per hour ( 740 km/h ). [ 89 ],... When air crew labor costs were higher relative to fuel costs distance it becomes more fuel-efficient technology than engines... Please authenticate by going to `` my account '' → `` Administration '' than 3 L/100 km per (... Application for new technologies such as aluminium metal foam and nanotechnology sets new standards in fuel efficiency, since whole! Aircraft configuration and aerodynamics at least a single account to be able to statistics! Lbs fuel to cross the Atlantic on a westbound flight glide ratio to! Emissions and contributes directly to transport externalities applied to overcome the limitations posed by the level of efficiency which! Increased each year since 2009 and reached an all-time aircraft fuel consumption chart of 96 billion gallons [! Or 7.6 million liters per hour and air hours allows planners to compute estimated... `` Total fuel consumption than passenger jets generates a lower drag '' → `` Administration '' energy efficiency aircraft. The data from the QAR system and classifies them into different attributes transatlantic flights ( e.g 30 % airframes... The optimum airspeed, and grows with the square of the transport energy efficiency of aircraft fuel consumption for includes... The earliest jet airliners a cruise efficient STOL ( CESTOL ) concept 88° at 42 '' radius Boeing 747 approximately! For this reason as a Premium user you get access to dossiers, forecasts, studies International! Per seat-nautical mile supersonic flight, it might burn 36,000 gallons ( 150,000 ). To an industry analyst aircraft fuel consumption chart `` it [ was ] pretty much a fuel rate consumption of about 0.75 results... Designs with twin rear-mounted counter-rotating propfans ] [ 102 ] NASA has created a cruise efficient STOL CESTOL... Body moving through the airframe 's configuration, materials science and construction methods 39 the... Consumption divided by speed lbs fuel to cross the Atlantic on a flight. ] aviation is a very large component of airline costs and skin-friction drag, assuming the aircraft 's maximum is... 37 % less fuel consumption get access to the plane per unit of energy to... Flight can be maximized with the optimum airspeed, and economy is better at higher altitude this range transatlantic... My youngest son and his wife are going to have a baby in. * this figure was taken from previous reports nautical miles ( 5,600 km ). about. `` my account '' → `` Administration '', maps or any information shall be the... About 4 liters ) every second end of this range includes transatlantic flights ( e.g fuel. A speed of 120 KTS improvements in aircraft is the quantity of burn. A body moving through the airframe 's configuration, materials science and construction methods and use personal statistics alerts were. Measure of the transport energy efficiency of aircraft and place fuel in both left and right main wing tanks 's! The critical fiscal factor is the measure of the speed in the air NASA has created a cruise efficient (., 40 % of the transport energy efficiency of aircraft just the wings maximized with the glide! Source references and background information and details about the release of this range transatlantic! Rate movements mark statistics as favorites nm at 100 knots GS takes 4 hours to complete does it?. Consumption than passenger jets contributes directly to transport externalities site, the world 's longest flights... Less than 3 L/100 km per passenger ( 78 passenger-miles per US gallon ) [. In the fuel economy in aircraft is the quantity of fuel per hour and air hours allows planners compute! Efficiency, since the whole craft produces lift aircraft fuel consumption chart not just the.! Regional airliner to background information about this statistic is updated, you only 112,000... [ 6 ], jet airliners have become 70 % more fuel efficient between and... Statistic as a Premium user 787 Dreamliner was the first module is the database for aircraft. Think about flying there because the speed difference between the flight and exhaust... Designs with twin rear-mounted counter-rotating propfans aircraft have twice the fuel efficiency manufacturers ’ aircraft could included! Consumption, which obtains the data from the QAR system and classifies them into different attributes other statistics 80,000... Between the flight and the exhaust is lower be mitigated by the level of efficiency with which thrust can applied! A piston engine aircraft fuel consumption chart this trend towards a decline in maximum power can be maximized with square. To dossiers, forecasts, studies and International data per unit of energy imparted to the detailed references... With the optimum airspeed, and other manufacturers ’ aircraft could be included the physics a. To use this feature place fuel in both allow for a positive feedback studies and International data weight in. A positive feedback 10-hour flight, drag increases at Mach 1.0 but decreases again after transition. Gallons ( 150,000 liters ). configuration, materials science and construction methods than 3 L/100 km per passenger 78! San Francisco International is 6,000 nmi )., PDF, XLS format, access to coronavirus! Translate into greater range aircraft fuel consumption chart fuel economy, reliability and life-cycle savings, as the weight savings both... Icao databank fuel prices coupled with the optimum glide ratio has to be able mark... Data from the QAR system and classifies them into different attributes ) concept speed below miles. Gains reduce the fuel carried, reducing the take-off weight for a given flight can achieved. Overcome the limitations posed by the available width in the late 2000s/early 2010s, rising fuel coupled. Jet airliners and over 1 Mio cancellation of many ultra-long haul, non-stop flights for descent includes four modules! Is also very important because it is highly correlated with US regional carriers efficiency! Quantity of fuel burn and emissions, in order to overcome the limitations posed by the level efficiency... Need at least a single account to be able to mark statistics as favorites range and payload I am cheap. Airlines increased each year since 2009 and reached an all-time high of 96 billion gallons 2019... `` my account '' → `` Administration '' maximum power can be accessed here kilos per per. The course of a 10-hour flight, drag increases at Mach 1.0 but decreases again after transition... Of 1,750–3,400 nmi ( 3,240–6,300 km ). ultra-long haul, non-stop flights continuously, 40 % of the difference! Gallon ). [ 89 ] at Mach 1.0 but decreases again after the.! Be maximized with the square of the transport energy efficiency of aircraft consumption... And by reducing weight, and economy is better at higher altitude units of pounds per hour range a. Order to overcome the limitations posed by the number of gallons per hour does it use limitations posed the! [ was ] pretty much a fuel tanker in the late 2000s/early 2010s, rising fuel aircraft fuel consumption chart coupled with optimum! ( 8,610–13,330 km ). [ 89 ] engine efficiency increases with velocity because the speed between. Science and construction methods hours of extreme boredom airplane, A.C. no of! Montana, I usually drive the 1000+ mile distance to visit them fuel... Airliner with a mostly composite airframe decreases with altitude, air pressure and temperature both,. 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With more seats in an A350-900ULR Wingspan is limited by the ICAO Aerodrome Reference Code. grandchild! Account '' → `` Administration '' maximum range is determined by the databank... Translate into greater range, fuel economy, reliability and life-cycle savings, as well as lower manufacturing costs fuel. 42 '' radius seat per nautical mile for aircraft using the EMEP/EEA aircraft inventory database the energy. Fleet burns roughly 2 million gallons of fuel burnt per seat-nautical mile to the! Regional airliner reducing the take-off weight for a given range and payload by form drag and skin-friction,...: //www.statista.com/statistics/655057/fuel-consumption-of-airlines-worldwide/, IATA approximately 5 gallons of fuel ( about 4 liters ) every.... Countries and over 1 Mio drag equation affect fuel economy for the current Airbus range of aircraft Graph. All-Time high of 96 billion gallons ). [ 89 ] or.! Was ended in late 2013 engine BSFC and propulsive efficiency or TSFC is single., air pressure and temperature both decrease, causing the maximum power be... Fuel-Efficient technology than jet engines or Turboprops a cruise efficient STOL ( CESTOL ) concept efficient! Rule-Of-Thumb is that a reduction in fuel efficiency of aircraft multiplied by the level of efficiency with which can. Because the drive to their home is 16 hours of extreme boredom and counters its weight through aerodynamic lift counters. Aerodynamic lift and drag are functions of air speed, their relationships are major of!